The Role of Islam in the Political Life of Sudan


Nailia Fakhrutdinova


The aim of the study is to show the historical development of the influence of Islam on the formation of political forces in Sudan in the post-colonial period. The region’s role in the struggle for power in independent Sudan is analyzed. The reaction of the world to the introduction of Sharia norms in the southern provinces of Sudan explored. The author elaborates possible ways of development similar to Sudan in other countries of the region. The study shows that conniving at the radical Islamism the authorities is prone of unforeseen consequences.

The author has collected the data on the new socio-political organization “National Congress”. In contrast to the existing clerical parties and the suffiist brotherhoods, the NK adheres to the principle of broad participation of the masses in the religious and political processes of Sudanese society. A new model of Islamic parties, has emerged which differentiates the experience of Sudan from other African countries.


Islamists, religious worldview, Sharia norms, Islamic extremism, civil wars, Islamic way, proislamic parties, Islamic ideology, religious development, islam and power




Al-jareeda. Hartum. № 620. 22.11.2012.
Аl’Kuwwat al’-musalliaha. Hartum. 02.07.1989.
An-Novaihi M. Nahva saurat fi-l’fikr ad-dinii. Beirut. 1970.
As-Sahafa. Hartum. 09.10.1984.
At-Turabi H.A. Al-Hivar maa al’ Garb. Hartum. 1994.
At-Turabi H.A. Al-Iman: Assaruhu fil’ haiat al’-insan. Kuweit. 1983.
Arabia: the Islamic World Review. L. 1984. № 4.
Bistrov A.A. Fal’start sudanskih revolyutsionerov (The falsestar of Sudanese revolutionarists). 2013.
British Society for Middle Eastern Studies Bulletin. 1990. Vol. 17. № 2.
Chto zhdet hristian Sudana? (What is waiting for the Christians in Sudan?). Russkii obozrevatel’. 15.03.2012.
Clarke P.B. West Africa and Islam. A study of Religious Development from the 8th to the 20th century. L. 1982.
Economicheskiye i sotsial’no-politicheskiye aspekti afrikanskoi bezopasnosti. Podderzhka OON. Sila prava. (The Economic and Socio-poolitical Aspects of Africa Security. The Support of the UN. The Power of Law) Vipusk 18. М. 2010.
El-Efendi Abdelwahab. Turabi’s Revolution: Islam and Power in Sudan. L. 1991.
Fathi O. Sudan: Why Islamisation is not a Top People’s game. Arabia: the Islamic World Review. 1984. № 29.
Fazlur Rahman. Islam. N.Y. 1966. (accessed 16 April 2008). modernizaciya-afriki
International Journal of Middle East studies. vol. 27. № 2. Cambridge.
Interv’yu H.A. At-Turabi. Al’ Ymma. (The Interview of H.At-Turabi. Al Umma. January 1985). Katar. Yanvar’ 1985.
Krestyaninov V. Na severe Sirii poiavilas’ banditskaia Ichkeriia (Bandit’s Ichkeria appeared in the North of Siria) Argumenti nedeli. № 2 (394). 23–29.01. 2014 г.
Musul’manskoye pravo (Muslim Law). Moscow. 1984.
Nimeiri J.M. Why the Islamic way? Hartum. 1980.
Poliakov K.I. Zarozhdeniye politicheskih partii v Sudane (The Emergence of Political Parties in Sudan) Moscow. 1997.
Poliakov K.I. Islamskii fundamentalism v Sudane (Islamic Fundamentalism in Sudan) Moscow. 2000.
Pushkin A.S. Istoriya sela Goriuhina (The History of the Village Gorjuhino) PSS. vol. 5. Moscow. 1975.
Report of the delegation to North Africa, Iberia and Yugoslavia of the Committee of armed services. House of representatives of the Congress. 13th session. Wash. 1985.
Salem, Norma Habib Bourguiba. Islam and the Creation of Tunisia. Groom Helm. 1983.
Seregichev S.Yu. Sudan: islamo-traditsionalizm i armyia (Sudan: Islamic traditionalism and Army) Moscow. 2006.
Sotsial’no-politicheskie predstavleniya v islame. Istoriya I sovremennost’ (The Socio-political representation in Islam. History and Modernity) Moscow. 1987.
Sudan. Spravochnik (Handbook) Moscow. 2000.
Sultanov Sh. Interv’yu Rossiiskoi gazete (The Interview to Rossiiskoya gazeta) 03.04.2012.
The weekenders, travels in the heart of Africa. L. 2001.