The article is based on the information of the author, who as officer of the 10th Main Directorate of the Soviet General Staff spent two days in Egypt during the Six Day War between Israel and the Arab states. It briefly analyzes the history of Moscow’s relations with Cairo after the 1952 revolution, particularly in the military field, and notes that the Soviet military leadership overestimated the combat capability of the Armed Forces of the United Arab Republic, as the Arab Republic of Egypt was then called. Although by June 1967 the situation in the Middle East was rather tense, the war was not expected by Moscow on the day Israel attacked Egypt, and its quick success, especially the defeat of the Egyptian Air Force, was a shock to Cairo and Moscow.
The article describes the situation in Cairo on June 9 and 10, the Egyptians’ reaction to the resignation of President Gamal Abdel Nasser; speaks of the negative attitude of the “Arab street” to the Russians, which arose in those days, primarily because of the false information of the Egyptian authorities, who argued that unlike the USSR, the United States and Great Britain took part in the war by bombing objects in Egypt.
“Six Day War”, United Arab Republic, Egypt, Israel, Gamal Abdel Nasser
1. Agaryshev A. Gamal Abdel Nasser Moscow, Molodayаs Gvardia Publishers, 1975, p. 163.
2. Belyakov V. USSR-Egypt: stages of rapprochement. From memoirs of N.S. Khrushchev. Aziya i Afrika segodnya. 2016, no 4, p. 58.
3. Shepilov D. Nonconnected p.120 http://www.e-reading.club/book.php?book=65192 (accessed 12.05.2019).