Islamism in the Foreign Discourse of the 21st Century


Timur Khayrullin


The article presents the results of a historiographical review of foreign scientific literature on the nature of Islamism in the 21st century. An important role in the foreign discourse of the 21st century was played by the study of the radical component in Islamism, which has various modifications and shades. In addition to studying radicalism and studying the issue of the social base of Islamism, special attention is paid to its political features and definition. The events of the Arab Spring led to speculation about another «decline of Islamism». According to foreign scholars, Islamism failed to achieve the main goal of building an Islamic state in the shortest possible time and underwent revision, resulting in more liberal post–Islamist ideas. There is an attempt to systematize the accumulated knowledge about Islamist ideology.


Islamism, political Islam, post-Islamism, discourse, Middle East, North Africa




1. Addi L. Islam re-observed: sanctity, Salafism, and Islamism. The Journal of North African Studies. 2009. Vol. 14. №. 3‒4, рp. 331‒345.
2. Amin H. From Islamism to Post-Islamism: A Study of a New Intellectual Discourse. Rotterdam: Erasmus University, 2010. 302 p.
3. Ball T., Dagger R. Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal. New York: Longman, 2004. 367 p.
4. Bale J.M. Islamism and totalitarianism. Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions. 2009. Vol. 10. №. 2. Pp. 73‒96.
5. Bayat A. Making Islam Democratic. Social Movements and the Post-Islamist Turn. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2007. 291 p.
6. Bayat A. The Arab Spring and its surprises. Development and Change. 2013. Vol. 44. №. 3. Pp. 587‒601.
7. Belt D.D. Global Islamism—Understanding and Strategy. Connections. 2006. Vol. 5. №. 4. Pp. 41‒63.